I’ve deprecated this guide in favor of using a text based browser like Lynx or Pale Moon as the only sane, independent browser able to browse most of the modern web. If you really need a bloated “modern” browser, I recommend Librewolf instead of Firefox or any Chromium reskin. This guide still works, but Firefox and the world wide web in general are going downhill. There’s little that can be done about it.
There are various similar guides on other sites, but many of these guides were partially incomplete, so I’ve tried to write the most complete guide as possible, which can be used by paranoid users like me. This is the best way to enhance Firefox. I must remind you that our goal here is privacy. If you want to browse the web anonymously, I’d suggest you looking at Tor instead. There are various similar guides on other sites, but many of these guides were partially incomplete, so I’ve tried to write the most complete guide as possible, which can be used by people who really want privacy.
This is the best way to enhance Firefox. I must remind you that our goal here is privacy. If you want to browse the web anonymously, I’d suggest you looking at Tor instead.
This guide tries to be user-friendly so I won’t recommend some more advanced things like uMatrix, even if it outclass uBlock Origin. If you’re a technical user and want more advanced privacy features I’d post a hardening guide for a more aproppiate browser, Pale Moon.
For not advanced users, tweaking Firefox may seem too difficult. It isn’t, but I understand that most of the people don’t want to bother with changing their userjs. Librewolf is Firefox but private out of the box. It comes with uBlock Origin and with Mozilla’s telemetry removed.
The easiest and fastest way to get a private configuration for Firefox is using a custom userjs which disables Mozilla’s telemetry and that
Creating a new profile that uses the user.js
I’ll assume that you want the maximum level of privacy and guide you through the necessary steps. If you don’t want all the tweaks that the userjs provides, I’d suggest you using Librewolf instead.
You’ll have to go to about:profiles and create a new profile. I’ll name it “hardened” but you can call it wathever you want. Then, download user.js from this repo and unzip it. The result should be a directory called “user.js-88.0” (NOTE: the name may vary in newer Firefox versions, but the procedure is exactly the same)
You’ll have to copy the resulting directory to /home/"your-user-name”/.mozilla/firefox (in unix-like systems, idk about windows). After that, go to your .mozilla/firefox directory and look for a directory that should be named something like “xxxxxxxx.hardened”, in my case it was “bvorhi84.hardened”. Now, copy that name and delete the directory.
The last step is to rename the directory “user.js-88.0” with the name of the previously deleted directory, “bvorhi84.hardened” for me.
Now you can open about:profiles again and select your recently created profile (“hardened” in my case). Open it and you should set it as the default profile so it’s opened every time that you launch Firefox.
Congratulations! We have already completed the most difficult part of the process.
Use a privacy friendly search engine
This is the simplest part of the guide. You only have to replace Google with a privacy respectful search engine. I’ll list you the options.
A privacy respecting, fully free (as in freedom), metasearch engine. It’s selfhostable so you can use your own instance or one of the public ones. I’d avoid Cloudflared ones.
Less recommendable options are:
- Mojeek: independent search engine based in the UK that says that it doesn’t track their users (non-free).
- YaCy: a libre, peer-to-peer search engine. It’s powered by it’s users and it doesn’t have any central server. This is a unique and great idea, although it doesn’t work great.
- Metager: another free metasearch engine runned by a non-profit based in Germany. It’s preferrable over Duckduckgo but not over SearX.
This section is divided in two parts: the must-haves addons and some recommendations that will improve your privacy.
It’s an efficient blocker that is easy on memory and it’s completely free software. It also has various modes and it allows for extended blocking similar to NoScript.
Properly configured, UBO will be our best aliased against ads, trackers and analytics.
Learning how to use the advanced mode in uBlock is IMO worth it and highly rewarded if you want to gain privacy. It isn’t that hard and there are tons of tutorials, so that’s up to you.
PS: uMatrix completely outclass UBO, so if you want to go beyond UBO’s advanced mode, try uMatrix.
LocalCDN is a fork of the well-known Decentraleyes. It emulates Content Delivery Networks locally by intercepting requests, serving them locally. It’s better than Decentraleyes in the sense that it provides custom rules to use inside uBlock Origin, so these addons work better together.
We can find these prepared rules clicking the addon icon, going to advanced and scrolling down. We select uBlock Origin and copy the rules. Then, we have to go to uBlock, enable “I am an advanced user”, then go to “My rules” and you have to paste the rules on the list at the right. Then save and commit the changes so they become permanent. You can now forget about LocalCDN, it’ll just work.
You should be using a trustable password manager for creating and storing your passwords instead of Firefox’s default one or memorizing weak passwords yourself.
I wouldn’t want my passwords to be stored on someone else servers somewhere, fortunately we have KeePassXC a free, as in freedom, and off-line password manager. It has the advantage that your passwords are only stored in a local, strongly encrypted database so they won’t ever leave your computer if you don’t want to. It has addons for integration with Firefox. You may use Syncthing to sync them between your different machines without any server.
My recommendation for people who want sync between their devices would be Bitwarden which is free as in freedom and free as in free beer! Yeah, it’s both “libre” and “gratis”. It has automatic sync between your devices and it’s really easy to use. If you like it and you can afford it, you should buy their premium membership, which doesn’t really provide any necessary feature (their free plan is so complete) but it’s important to support free software projects. You may also self-host it yourself.
The third option (for terminal wizards only) is GNU Pass, which is a simple password manager that follows the Unix philosophy. Passwords live in ~/.password-store encrypted with your GPG key. It doesn’t provide any integration with Firefox but It has a handy dmenu script which is very comfortable to use.
These are addons that are generally recommended but that in contrast with uBlock or LocalCDN, they require some maintenance (not so much, actually).
This addon deletes cookies everytime that we close a tab or we exit. But it can do much more, like cleaning local storage, cleaning on domain change, deleting cache, white and greylisting, cleaning on domain change, etc.
It will automatically remove tracking elements from URLs (this is a commonly used strategy to track you) and it’s really simple to use. It isn’t a must-have because very few times may break a site that won’t work if you clean the URL. But if you notice this, you only have to temporarily disable the addon. Easy, isn’t it?
It prevents your browser from storing entity tags by removing ETag response headers without exceptions. It makes a great team with Cookie AutoDelete.
Bookmark sync as it should be: end-to-end encrypted and anonymous. There are different servers and you can even selfhost it yourself.
AdNauseam (alternative to uBlock)
AdNauseam not only blocks ads, it obfuscates browsing data to resist tracking by the online ad industry. To throw ad networks off your trail AdNauseam “clicks” blocked and hidden ads, polluting your data profile and injecting noise into the economic system that drives online surveillance. It uses uBlock as it’s base, so you also get everything that uBlock is capable of.
Redirects Twitter, YouTube, Instagram, Reddit & Google Maps requests to privacy friendly and libre alternatives (Nitter, Invidious, OpenStreetMap, Teddit). It also supports custom servers so you can use it with your selfhosted instances! For more advanced users, use Redirector instead.
End of the journey
Your browser should be private by now, so enjoy your freedom.